President Barack Obama has condemned the Egyptian military's violent crackdown against protesters and announced that the U.S. will cancel planned joint military exercises, but he has not directly addressed the fate of more than $1.5 billion in aid that the U.S. gives to Cairo each year.
Assistance to Egypt became a fixture of U.S. foreign policy after the 1979 Israel-Egypt peace treaty, and total aid to the country has topped $1 billion every year since. Before 1970, U.S. aid to Egypt rarely reached $100 million per year. Military aid, which Cairo largely spends on U.S. weapons and other materials, has held steady at $1.3 billion for well over two decades. In fiscal 2012, only four countries received more in U.S. assistance: Israel, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iraq.
Some members of Congress, including Senators Patrick J. Leahy, a Democrat, and Rand Paul, a Republican, have called for an end to aid for Egypt until democracy is restored, given an appropriations provision in place since fiscal 2012 that requires the suspension aid to any government that has been taken over by a military coup.
Read more at CQ.com: Obama Cancels U.S.-Egyptian Military Exercises, Hill Mostly Supportive
About the Data
Figures are from a July 2013 report by the Congressional Research Service. The historical trend figures do not include the Nonproliferation, Anti-Terrorism, Demining (NADR) or International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement (INCLE) programs, which totaled $5.9 million in 2012.