District: 8th District Political Highlights: Tenn. House, 1977-89; U.S. House, 1989-2011 Born: Sept. 22, 1944; Halls, Tenn. Residence: Union City Religion: Disciples of Christ Family: Wife, Betty Ann Tanner; two children Education: U. of Tennessee, B.S. 1966; U. of Tennessee, J.D. 1968 Military Service: Navy, 1968-72; Tenn. National Guard, 1974-00 Start of Service: Elected: 1988 (11th term) Committee Assignments: Foreign Affairs (Europe; Western Hemisphere); Ways & Means (Social Security; Trade - Acting Chairman)
Roll Call and CQ Weekly use ratings assigned by the Rothenberg Political Report, which are defined as follows:
SAFE: As of today, the party indicated is all but certain to win the seat.
FAVORED: One candidate has a substantial advantage, but an upset is still possible.
LEAN: The party indicated has the edge, but the outcome is less certain than for races rated as favored.
TILT: The outcome is effectively regarded as a tossup for each of these highly competitive seats, although the party indicated has a slight edge.
TOSSUP: Neither party has an edge in these contests.