District: 10th District Political Highlights: Essex County Board of Freeholders, 1972-78; sought Democratic nomination for Essex County executive, 1978; sought Democratic nomination for U.S. House, 1980; Newark Municipal Council, 1982-88; sought Democratic nomination for U.S. House, 1986; U.S. House, 1989-2012 Born: July 16, 1934; Newark, N.J. Death: March 6, 2012 Residence: Newark Religion: Baptist Family: Widowed; three children Education: Seton Hall U., B.A. 1957 Military Service: None Start of Service: Elected: 1988 (12th term) End of Service: March 6, 2012 Committee Assignments: Education & the Workforce (Early Childhood, Elementary & Secondary Education; Workforce Protections); Foreign Affairs (Africa, Global Health & Human Rights - Ranking Member; Western Hemisphere)
Roll Call and CQ Weekly use ratings assigned by the Rothenberg Political Report, which are defined as follows:
SAFE: As of today, the party indicated is all but certain to win the seat.
FAVORED: One candidate has a substantial advantage, but an upset is still possible.
LEAN: The party indicated has the edge, but the outcome is less certain than for races rated as favored.
TILT: The outcome is effectively regarded as a tossup for each of these highly competitive seats, although the party indicated has a slight edge.
TOSSUP: Neither party has an edge in these contests.