District: 13th District Political Highlights: Mich. House, 1979-97; candidate for Detroit City Council, 1991; sought Democratic nomination for Mich. Senate, 1994; U.S. House, 1997-2011 Born: June 25, 1945; Detroit, Mich. Residence: Detroit Religion: African Methodist Episcopal Family: Divorced; two children Education: Ferris State College, A.A. 1965; Western Michigan U., B.S. 1968; U. of Michigan, M.A. 1972 Military Service: None Start of Service: Elected: 1996 (7th term) Committee Assignments: Appropriations (Defense; Transportation-HUD)
Roll Call and CQ Weekly use ratings assigned by the Rothenberg Political Report, which are defined as follows:
SAFE: As of today, the party indicated is all but certain to win the seat.
FAVORED: One candidate has a substantial advantage, but an upset is still possible.
LEAN: The party indicated has the edge, but the outcome is less certain than for races rated as favored.
TILT: The outcome is effectively regarded as a tossup for each of these highly competitive seats, although the party indicated has a slight edge.
TOSSUP: Neither party has an edge in these contests.