President's 2014 Budget Proposal

On Wednesday, April 10, 2013, President Barack Obama released his fiscal 2014 budget request. Net budget authority figures shown below include appropriations for disaster relief, Overseas Contingency Operations, offsetting receipts and other scorekeeping adjustments.

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Agriculture

Total Budget Authority: $145.8 billion / Discretionary Budget Authority: $21.5 billion
  • Recommend that the Federal Reserve provide $497 million for the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, up from $344 million in fiscal 2012.
  • Provide $7.1 billion in nutrition assistance for low-income pregnant women, new mothers and children.
  • Provide $4 billion in loans to rural electric cooperatives and utilities to promote renewable sources of electricity generation, a decrease of roughly $2 billion from the 2013 request.

Commerce

Total Budget Authority: $11.7 billion / Discretionary Budget Authority: $8.6 billion
  • Provide $5.4 billion for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, an increase of $541million over fiscal 2012.
  • Provide $1 billion in mandatory funding to create a network of manufacturing innovation institutes.
  • Provide $928 million for the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

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Corps of Engineers - Civil Works

Total Budget Authority: $4.7 billion / Discretionary Budget Authority: $4.7 billion
  • Provide $1.35 billion for high-return construction projects in flood and storm damage reduction, commercial navigation and aquatic-ecosystem restoration.
  • Provide $279 million for the Mississippi River and its tributaries to reduce flood risk.
  • Create a new per-vessel tax on inland waterways shipping to finance infrastructure improvements, supplementing the current diesel tax.

Hot Docs: Budget Request

Defense

Total Budget Authority: $621.6 billion / Discretionary Budget Authority: $615.1 billion
  • Provide $527 billion for the base Defense budget, a $3.9 billion decrease from 2012, and an additional place holder of $88.5 billion for war spending, pending an analysis of funding needed in Afghanistan.
  • Increase military basic pay by 1 percent in calendar year 2014, rather than the 1.8 percent increase authorized by current law.
  • Reduce the defense portion of the sequester to $150 billion over 10 years, mostly falling after 2018.

Education

Total Budget Authority: $56.7 billion / Discretionary Budget Authority: $71.2 billion
  • Provide $75 billion over 10 years for grants to states for the development and implementation of universal preschool programs.
  • Provide $1 billion in competitive Race to the Top grants for states that commit to comprehensive changes in higher-education policies.
  • Provide $29.9 billion for Pell Grants, including $22.8 billion in discretionary funds.

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Energy

Total Budget Authority: $32.5 billion / Discretionary Budget Authority: $28.4 billion
  • Provide $5 billion to the Office of Science for basic research and $379 million to the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy.
  • Eliminate $4 billion in annual fossil fuel subsidies, while providing $421 million for the Fossil Energy Research and Development program to pursue carbon capture and other technologies.
  • Provide $2 billion to establish a trust for research on transportation alternatives that would reduce dependence on oil.

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Environmental Protection Agency

Total Budget Authority: $8.0 billion / Discretionary Budget Authority: $8.2 billion
  • Reduce allocations for state revolving funds for clean water and drinking water to a combined total of $1.9 billion, a $472 million reduction from fiscal 2012 levels.
  • Provide $177 million for programs that address climate change.
  • Develop an interactive portal for environmental transactions, including processing permit applications and providing regulatory and compliance information.

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Executive Office of the President

Total Budget Authority: $0.4 billion / Discretionary Budget Authority: $0.4 billion

Federal Communications Commission

Total Budget Authority: $10.4 billion / Discretionary Budget Authority: $0.5 billion

General Services Administration

Total Budget Authority: $0.2 billion / Discretionary Budget Authority: $0.2 billion

Hot Docs: Budget Request

Health and Human Services

Total Budget Authority: $949.9 billion / Discretionary Budget Authority: $78.3 billion
  • Provide $11.3 billion for the Centers for Disease Control and associated agencies, $31.3 billion to the National Institutes of Heath, and $2.6 billion for the Food and Drug Administration.
  • Make changes to Medicare and Medicaid, generating $393.1 billion in savings over 10 years.
  • Reduce the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program to $3 billion and cut the Community Service Block Grant Program by nearly half, to $350 million.

Homeland Security

Total Budget Authority: $45.2 billion / Discretionary Budget Authority: $44.7 billion
  • Provide $221 million for 1,600 new border patrol officers and mobile equipment and $114 million to expand the online employee eligibility system known as E-Verify.
  • Restructure the passenger security fee, generating $25.9 billion over 10 years.
  • Provide $6.2 billion to the Disaster Relief Fund.

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Housing and Urban Development

Total Budget Authority: $47.2 billion / Discretionary Budget Authority: $33.1 billion
  • Provide $20 billion for tenant-based rental assistance for low-income families in the private market, and $10.3 billion for project-based assistance.
  • Provide $400 million for the Choice Neighborhood program, aimed at transforming impoverished neighborhoods into mixed-income neighborhoods.
  • Reduce funding for the Community Development Block Grant program, which supports community and economic development, to $2.8 billion, a 13 percent cut from fiscal 2012.

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Interior

Total Budget Authority: $12.0 billion / Discretionary Budget Authority: $11.7 billion
  • Create a new dedicated source of long-term financing for land and water conservation programs, including $200 million in mandatory spending for fiscal 2014.
  • Impose a per-acre fee on nonproducing oil and gas leases and make other changes to generate an estimated $2.5 billion in net revenue over a decade.
  • Increase funding for onshore energy permitting and oversight.

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International Assistance programs

Total Budget Authority: $18.1 billion / Discretionary Budget Authority: $23.5 billion
  • Provide $3.4 billion for Afghanistan, $2.1 billion for Iraq and $1.4 billion for Pakistan, a substantial decline from last years request.
  • Maintain current funding levels for Israel, Jordan and Egypt and create a new Middle East and North Africa Incentive fund to supplement traditional assistance to allies in the region.

Judicial Branch

Total Budget Authority: $7.5 billion / Discretionary Budget Authority: $6.7 billion

Justice

Total Budget Authority: $30.5 billion / Discretionary Budget Authority: $16.3 billion
  • Eliminate two provisions regularly included in appropriations bills, one exempting antique guns from certain regulations and one restricting the governments ability to require inventories from gun dealers.
  • Provide $8.6 billion for federal prisons, a 4.3 percent increase over the 2012 enacted level.
  • The discretionary total includes substantial recisions associated with the Crime Victims Fund and the Assets Forfeiture Fund. Before recisions, the fiscal 2014 discretionary figure is $27.6 billion.

Hot Docs: Budget Request

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Labor

Total Budget Authority: $72.6 billion / Discretionary Budget Authority: $12.1 billion
  • Allow the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation to adjust premiums and to take risk into account when setting premiums.
  • Provide $8 billion to train young workers and pair them with employers.
  • Provide $150 million for the department's Workforce Innovation Fund, which gives out competitive grants to test effective job programs.

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Legislative Branch

Total Budget Authority: $4.8 billion / Discretionary Budget Authority: $4.6 billion

NASA

Total Budget Authority: $17.7 billion / Discretionary Budget Authority: $17.7 billion
  • Maintain funding for the James Webb Space telescope and the next Mars Rover and set aside $78million for a new mission to relocate an asteroid to an orbit near earth to be studied.
  • Provide $1.8 billion for earth science programs, including a revamp of the Landsat satellite program and improvements to climate monitoring.
  • Consolidate STEM education programs with similar resources from across the federal government.

Hot Docs: Budget Request

National Science Foundation

Total Budget Authority: $7.7 billion / Discretionary Budget Authority: $7.6 billion
  • Provide $6.2 billion for research, including $63 million to for an interdisciplinary research initiative.
  • Provide $372 million for clean-energy research and $160 million for new manufacturing technologies.
  • Provide $325 million for a consolidated graduate research fellowship program.

Hot Docs: Budget Request

Nuclear Regulatory Commission

Total Budget Authority: $1.1 billion / Discretionary Budget Authority: $1.1 billion

Office of Personnel Management

Total Budget Authority: $98.7 billion / Discretionary Budget Authority: $0.2 billion

Hot Docs: Budget Request

Small Business Administration

Total Budget Authority: $1.0 billion / Discretionary Budget Authority: $1.0 billion

Hot Docs: Budget Request

Social Security Administration

Total Budget Authority: $926.7 billion / Discretionary Budget Authority: $9.1 billion

State

Total Budget Authority: $29.3 billion / Discretionary Budget Authority: $28.4 billion
  • Provide more than $4 billion for overseas personnel and facility security.

Transportation

Total Budget Authority: $127.1 billion / Discretionary Budget Authority: $16.3 billion
  • Provide $50 billion in immediate infrastructure investments, including $40 billion in improvements to existing infrastructure.
  • Consolidate Amtrak and other passenger rail spending into a new Transportation Trust Fund.
  • Transfer $214 billion in general tax revenue over six years to the highway trust fund, offset by declining costs of military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, and restructure the fund to help by for high-speed rail.

Hot Docs: Budget Request

Hot Docs: Request Highlights

Treasury

Total Budget Authority: $500.2 billion / Discretionary Budget Authority: $13.3 billion
  • Recommend that the Federal Reserve provide $497 million for the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, up from $344 million in fiscal 2012.
  • Impose a financial crisis responsibility fee on the largest financial companies.
  • Provide the IRS with $12.9 billion, roughly $1 billion above the 2012 enacted level, including $400million in the form of a program integrity adjustment to the discretionary spending cap.

Veterans Affairs

Total Budget Authority: $149.5 billion / Discretionary Budget Authority: $63.5 billion
  • Provide $2.5 billion for the Veterans Benefits Administration, including $155 million for a new management system to reduce claims backlogs.
  • Provide $57.7 billion for VA medical care, including nearly $7 billion for mental health services.
  • Provide $1.4 billion to reduce veterans homelessness.

Hot Docs: Budget Request

Hot Docs: Request Highlights